Thursday, 23 November 2017

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How Can Intolerance Be Countered?

ArtPrize 9/11 Installation Hate Bigotry Intolerance Racism Bias 9-16-09 6

16.11.2015 - Marking International Day for Tolerance today, 16 November, is perhaps more meaningful than ever, in the aftermath of the past week's horrendous terrorism acts. 

As the message of the UN Secretary General highlights, people being more connected doesn't mean there is more understanding between them. Although societies are more diverse, intolerance is growing. 

Recognizing the threat posed by those who strive to divide, the UN pledges to forge a path defined by dialogue, social cohesion and mutual understanding by bulding societies based on respect for human rights, where fear, distrust and marginalization are replaced by pluralism, participation and respect for differences. 

How Can Intolerance Be Countered?

  • Law:

Governments are responsible for enforcing human rights laws, for banning and punishing hate crimes and discrimination against minorities. It must ensure equal access to courts, so that people do not take justice into their own hands and resort to violence to settle their disputes.

  • Education:

Laws are necessary but not sufficient for countering intolerance in individual attitudes. Intolerance is very often rooted in ignorance and fear: fear of the unknown, of the other, other cultures, nations, religions. Intolerance is also closely linked to an exaggerated sense of self-worth and pride, whether personal, national or religious. These notions are taught and learned at an early age. Therefore, greater emphasis needs to be placed on educating more and better. Greater efforts need to be made to teach children about tolerance and human rights, about other ways of life. Children should be encouraged at home and in school to be open-minded and curious.

Education is a life-long experience and does not begin or end in school. Endeavors to build tolerance through education will not succeed unless they reach all age groups, and take place everywhere: at home, in schools, in the workplace, in law-enforcement and legal training, and not least in entertainment and on the information highways.

  • Access to information:

Intolerance is most dangerous when it is exploited to fulfill the political and territorial ambitions of an individual or groups of individuals. Hatemongers often begin by identifying the public's tolerance threshold. They then develop fallacious arguments, lie with statistics and manipulate public opinion with misinformation and prejudice. The most efficient way to limit the influence of hatemongers is to develop policies that generate and promote press freedom and press pluralism, in order to allow the public to differentiate between facts and opinions.

  • Individual awareness:

Intolerance in a society is the sum-total of the intolerance of its individual members. Bigotry, stereotyping, stigmatizing, insults and racial jokes are examples of individual expressions of intolerance to which some people are subjected daily. Intolerance breeds intolerance. It leaves its victims in pursuit of revenge. In order to fight intolerance individuals should become aware of the link between their behavior and the vicious cycle of mistrust and violence in society. Each one of us should begin by asking: am I a tolerant person? Do I stereotype people? Do I reject those who are different from me? Do I blame my problems on 'them'?

  • Local solutions:

Many people know that tomorrow's problems will be increasingly global but few realize that solutions to global problems are mainly local, even individual. When confronted with an escalation of intolerance around us, we must not wait for governments and institutions to act alone. We are all part of the solution. We should not feel powerless for we actually posses an enormous capacity to wield power. Nonviolent action is a way of using that power-the power of people. The tools of nonviolent action-putting a group together to confront a problem, to organize a grassroots network, to demonstrate solidarity with victims of intolerance, to discredit hateful propaganda-are available to all those who want to put an end to intolerance, violence and hatred.

Tolerance__________________________________

UNRIC’s Related Links:

•  International Day for Tolerance 

•  Ban Ki-moon on Day for Tolerance 

Photo Credits:

•   Photo:  Steven Depolo

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