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UNRIC Library Newsletter - October 2009

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UNRIC Library Newsletter - October 2009
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NEW WEBSITES WITHIN THE UN SYSTEM


UN in General


Agenda of the sixty-fourth session of the General Assembly (A/64/251)
English, French & Spanish: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/64/251

Allocation of agenda items for the sixty-fourth session of the General Assembly (A/64/251)
English, French & Spanish: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/64/252

Report of the Committee on Conferences for 2009 (A/64/32)
English, French & Spanish: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/64/32 (SUPP)  
In addition to information about the meetings of the committee in 2009, the report also contains the draft calendar of conferences for 2010 and 2011.

General Assembly Documentation – new DHL training guide
http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/training/gadocumentation.html
The guide is available in English. French and Spanish will be available at a later date.


“Be a Citizen Ambassador to the United Nations:
Speak to World Leaders through YouTube”

http://www.youtube.com/user/unitednations
As world leaders from 192 United Nations Member States converge on New York for the 64th session of the General Assembly, the Department of Public Information is launching a groundbreaking campaign entitled “Citizen Ambassadors to the United Nations”, which encourages people everywhere to directly engage with decision makers by uploading video messages on the UN YouTube channel. The innovative “Citizen Ambassadors” campaign will take place from 23 September through 10 October 2009, coinciding with the General Debate part of the General Assembly. It harnesses the power of online video-sharing and offers a unique opportunity for world citizens – youth in particular – to make their voices heard during the United Nations General Assembly by responding to the question: “If you had the opportunity to speak to the world leaders, what would you say?”

New Websites launched for United Nations Meetings Coverage and Press Releases
English: http://www.un.org/en/unpress/
French: http://www.un.org/fr/unpress/
The new sites offer a simplified user-friendly design that differentiates product by type (meetings coverage, press releases, press conferences, and briefings of the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General).  The websites also offer the possibility of retrieving information as it relates to the main organs of the United Nations, and headlines are now more legible, noting a highlight of the content of the document. The sites have links to various news- and media-related websites at United Nations Headquarters and overseas Offices.  They have consolidated and improved access to coverage of intergovernmental meetings, some while still in progress; statements by the Secretary-General; transcripts of the Spokesperson’s noon briefing; summaries of press conferences; and other United Nations press releases. Managed by the Meetings Coverage Section of the Department of Public Information, the sites further provide archives of these various resources dating back to October 1995. (PI/1916, 13 October 2009)

UNRWA at 60 High-Level Event Week
http://www.un.org/unrwa/newyork/index.html
On 8 December 2009, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, UNRWA, will be sixty years old: an occasion for sober reflection but also an opportunity to highlight the Agency’s service and achievements during six decades of work alongside millions of Palestine refugees. Among the highlights of the anniversary activities is a week of events in New York commemorating the 60th anniversary of UNRWA’s establishment by the General Assembly.


Climate Change


Blue Carbon - The Role of Healthy Oceans in Binding Carbon (UNEP / FAO / UNESCO)
http://www.grida.no/publications/rr/blue-carbon/
A new Rapid Response Assessment report released at the Diversitas Conference, Cape Town and highlights the critical role of the oceans in maintaining our climate. While emissions’ reductions are at the centre of the climate change discussions, the role of the ocean ecosystems has been vastly overlooked.

Climate change and its possible security implications: Report of the Secretary-General (A/64/350)
English, French & Spanish: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/64/350
The report analyses governmental views and relevant research on the security implications of climate change, by and large, approach the question from a perspective of interdependence between human vulnerability and national security.

Climate Change Science Compendium 2009 (UNEP)
http://www.unep.org/compendium2009/
In advance of December's UN climate convention meeting in Copenhagen, Denmark, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has released this new report. This report is a review of climate change related peer-reviewed literature published in the last three years.

The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change: New Methods and Estimates - The Global Report of the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change Study (World Bank)
Executive Summary: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCC/Resources/EACCExecutiveSummaryFinal.pdf  
Study Overview:http://beta.worldbank.org/content/economics-adaptation-climate-change-study-overview
The costs of adaptation to climate change in developing countries will be in the order of US$75-100 billion per year for the period 2010 to 2050 according to preliminary findings in a new global study from The World Bank.


Economic & Social Development


Addiction, Crime and Insurgency: The Transnational Threat of Afghan Opium (UNODC)
Report: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/Afghanistan/Afghan_Opium_Trade_2009_web.pdf
English & French summary: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/addiction-crime-and-insurgency.html
The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has published a new report showing the devastating consequences that the 900 tons of opium and 375 tons of heroin that are trafficked from Afghanistan every year have on the health and security of countries along the Balkan and Eurasian drug routes, of countries in Europe, of China, India and the Russian Federation. The world's deadliest drug has created a market worth $65 billion, catering to 15 million addicts, causing up to 100,000 deaths per year, spreading HIV and, not least, funding criminal groups, insurgents and terrorists.

DESA Working Paper series
http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/
The DESA Working Papers issued by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs are preliminary documents circulated in a limited number of copies and posted on this website, to stimulate discussion and critical comment on the broad range of economic, social and environmental issues associated with the United Nations Development Agenda. In October 2009 the following papers were issued:


Global Financial Stability Report (IMF)
http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/gfsr/2009/02/index.htm
(Report in English, Summaries in English, French & Spanish)
The Global Financial Stability Report provides semi-annual assessments of global financial markets and addresses emerging market financing in a global context. The October 2009 report chronicles the evolution of the path toward re-establishing sound credit intermediation and the near-term risks that could interrupt its restoration, including the rising burden of sovereign financing. The report addresses how to restart securitization markets and the pitfalls if done improperly. The effectiveness of unconventional public sector interventions and the principles for disengagement are discussed. The report also discusses the design of medium-term policies that aim to reshape the financial system to make it more resilient and stable.

"How to Feed the World in 2050" - High-level Expert Forum, 12-13 October 2009 (FAO)
English: http://www.fao.org/wsfs/forum2050/wsfs-forum/en/
French: http://www.fao.org/wsfs/forum2050/wsfs-forum/fr/
Spanish: http://www.fao.org/wsfs/forum2050/wsfs-forum/es/
The High-Level Expert Forum on How to Feed the World in 2050 will examine policy options that governments should consider adopting to ensure that the world population can be fed when it nears its peak of nearly 9.2 billion people in the middle of this century.

Investing in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue (UNESCO)
English report: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001852/185202e.pdf
English summary: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001847/184755e.pdf
French summary: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001847/184755f.pdf
Spanish summary: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001847/184755s.pdf
Companies which invest in cultural diversity, whether at the management, human resources or marketing level, can benefit economically from it. This is one of the conclusions in this UNESCO World Report. The report aims to become a reference tool for cultural diversity. Cultural diversity, which is too often reduced to the protection of heritage in danger, is also the development of intercultural skills, the search for an antidote to expressions of cultural isolationism, the road towards new forms of governance, the lever of the effective exercise of universally recognized human rights and a means to reduce imbalances in the world trade in creative products.

Promoting Gender Equality in HIV and AIDS Responses: Making Aid More Effective Through Tracking Results (UNIFEM)

http://www.unifem.org/attachments/products/gender_equality_in_hiv_aids_responses.pdf
This new publication presents the key findings of an expert consultation - Tracking and Monitoring Gender Equality and HIV/AIDS in Aid Effectiveness - which was co-organized by UNIFEM and the European Commission in May 2008. Participants developed recommendations for integrating the gender equality dimensions of HIV/AIDS into national development planning, implementation and budgeting; for strengthening current indicators for monitoring and tracking progress to eliminate violence against women and improve women’s access to sexual and reproductive health and rights in the context of HIV/AIDS; and for inspiring new areas of advocacy and new entry points for improving knowledge and awareness on gender equality and HIV and AIDS in the context of aid effectiveness.

The State of Food Insecurity 2009: Economic Crisis – Impact and Lessons Learned (FAO / WFP)
English: http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/i0876e/i0876e00.htm
French: http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/i0876f/i0876f00.htm
Spanish: http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/i0876s/i0876s00.htm
The sharp spike in hunger triggered by the global economic crisis has hit the poorest people in developing countries hardest, revealing a fragile world food system in urgent need of reform. The combination of food and economic crises has pushed the number of hungry people worldwide to historic levels — more than one billion people are undernourished.

UNECE Transport Division - new website
http://www.unece.org/trans/   
The Transport Division works to facilitate the international movement of persons and goods by inland transport modes and improve competitiveness, safety, energy efficiency and security in the transport sector taking into account environmental protection to levels that reduce adverse environmental impact of transport activities and contribute effectively to sustainable development.

World Summit on Food Security, Rome, 16 – 18 November 2009
English: http://www.fao.org/wsfs/world-summit/en/
French: http://www.fao.org/wsfs/sommet-mondial/fr/?no_cache=1
Spanish: http://www.fao.org/wsfs/cumbre-mundial/es/?no_cache=1


Peace and Security


The Participation of Women in Iraq's Elections (UNDP)
http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900sid/MYAI-7WY4AH/$File/full_report.pdf
The survey was based on the discussions of eight focus groups of women conducted in June 2009 in Baghdad, Anbar and Mosul.

Prodi Report Assessment
English, French & Spanish: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/64/359
The Secretary-General's report entitled Support to African Union peacekeeping operations authorized by the United Nations (A/64/359–S/2009/470) provides an assessment of the recommendations contained in the Report of the African Union-United Nations panel on modalities for support to African Union peacekeeping operations, known as the "Prodi Report" (A/63/666-S/2008/813 - http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/63/666). It also proposes ways in which the UN can better assist the African Union in deploying and managing peacekeeping operations.

United Nations Criminal Justice Standards for United Nations Police

http://www.unodc.org/documents/justice-and-prison-reform/08-58900_Ebook.pdf
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the UN Department for Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) have partnered to publish a revised edition of the United Nations Criminal Justice Standards for United Nations Police. The handbook summarizes the international human rights and criminal justice principles that United Nations police personnel must know, abide by and promote when deployed in peacekeeping operations and special political missions.

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations – Background Note: 31 August 2009 (DPI/1634/Rev.100, September 2009)
English: http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko/bnote.htm
French: http://www.un.org/french/peace/peace/bnote.htm

United Nations Political and Peacebuilding Missions - Background Note: 31 August 2009 (DPI/2166/Rev.75, September 2009)
English: http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko/ppbm.pdf
French: http://www.un.org/french/peace/peace/pdf/ppbmf.pdf


Human Rights


Convention on the Rights of the Child - 20th anniversary
http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/20thAnnivCRC.htm
The Committee of the Rights of the Child and the Office of the High Commissioner (OHCHR) and other partners organized a two-day celebration in Geneva, 8-9 October 2009, to mark the 20th anniversary of the adoption of The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The Convention was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1989 (A/RES/44/25). The celebration focuses on the theme “Dignity, Development and Dialogue” and will give a chance to:

  • highlight three main challenges facing the Convention: ensuring the dignity of the child, providing the child with full possibilities for development and facilitating dialogue between adults and children in accordance with the participatory approach of the Convention; and
  • evaluate the status and implementation of the CRC, after 193 ratifications and 17 years of reporting; and identify priorities for the future taking into consideration the two Optional Protocols to the Convention.

Progress for Children: A Report Card on Child Protection (UNICEF)
http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Progress_for_Children-No.8_EN_081309.pdf
The violence, exploitation and abuse experienced by children all over the world takes many forms, including corporal punishment, harmful traditional practices, hazardous labour, sexual exploitation, trafficking, association with armed groups and forces, and needless placement in prisons and institutions. This edition of Progress for Children reports some improvements but many remaining challenges to protecting children from such abuses. It calls on society to build a ‘protective environment’ for children.

UNiTE to End Violence against Women campaign
http://endviolence.un.org/
The re-designed website of this campaign  will be launched during October, as part of the lead-up to the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (25 November).

“Say NO – UNiTE” - Platform for Action (UNIFEM)
UNIFEM will launch this new platform for action on 6 November. It will provide an opportunity for activists, NGOs and others to showcase actions to end violence against women on the ground by creating a profile and uploading information at www.saynotoviolence.org

Study on Organ Trafficking (UN / Council of Europe)
http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/trafficking/Docs/News/OrganTrafficking_study.pdf
The United Nations and the Council of Europe have released a new study on trafficking in organs and trafficking in human beings for the purpose of the removal of organs. The study provides an overview of the key facts related to the global problem of organ trafficking and trafficking in people for organ removal, and puts forward at set of recommendations for the prevention and punishment of this crime, which is considered to disproportionately affect women and girls.

Trafficking in Persons: Analysis on Europe (UNODC)
Report: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2009/October/lives-are-for-sale-in-europe-warns-unodc.html
Video: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/multimedia.html?vf=/documents/video/2009/Affected_for_Life_-_Short.flv
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has issued a report based on the “Global Report on Trafficking in Persons” (launched in February 2009), which shows that trafficking in persons is an under-detected crime in Europe. Along with the new report, a training video for trainers of criminal justice officials (prosecutors, judges, law enforcement officers) and other specialized audiences is also available.




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