|UNRIC Library Newsletter - November 2006|
|New information material|
NEW WEBSITES WITHIN THE UN SYSTEM
United Nations Political and Peacebuilding Missions (Background Note: 30 September 2006)
2007 Education for All Global Monitoring Report (UNESCO)
English – full report: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001477/147794e.pdf
French – summary report: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001477/147785F.pdf
Spanish – summary report: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001477/147785S.pdf
The UNESCO report focuses on the importance of early child education and care. It finds Latin America and the Caribbean lead the developing world in early childhood education. Despite the well-documented benefits of early childhood education, however, most other developing nations do not do enough. The report includes an assessment of where the world stands on its commitment to provide basic education to all by 2015.
Global Employment Trends for Youth (ILO report)
The number of unemployed youth aged 15 to 24 rose over the past decade, while hundreds of millions more are working but living in poverty, according to the new report by the International Labour Office (ILO). While the number of young unemployed increased from 74 million to 85 million, or by 14.8 per cent between 1995 and 2005, more than 300 million youth, or approximately 25 per cent of the youth population, were living below the US $2 per day poverty line.
Global Survey of Early Warning Systems (UNISDR)
This report of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction responds to a request by the Secretary-General for an assessment of capacities, gaps and opportunities toward building a comprehensive global early warning system for all natural hazards.
Greenhouse Gas Data Report 2006 (UNFCCC)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) published its annual greenhouse gas data report. According to the 2006 report the overall greenhouse gas emissions of industrialized countries decreased by 3.3%. However, this was mostly due to a 36.8% decrease in emissions on the part of the economies in transition of eastern and central Europe. Within the same time-period, the greenhouse gas emissions of the other industrialized countries, Parties to the Convention, grew by 11.0%.
The Innocenti Social Monitor 2006: Understanding Child Poverty in South-Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (UNICEF report)
Despite widespread economic upturn in South-Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (SEE/CIS) since the late ‘90s, one in four children under 15 is still living in extreme income poverty according to a UNICEF report released today. The report finds that while the number of children under 15 living in extreme poverty has decreased from 32 million to 18 million, stark disparities in child well-being and opportunities exist: the share of children now living in extreme poverty ranges from 5 per cent in some SEE countries to a startling 80 per cent in the poorest Central Asia countries.
International Forum on the Eradication of Poverty, 15-16 November 2006
To mark the end of the first UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty, the International Forum on the Eradication of Poverty is taking place in New York on 15-16 November. The Forum aims to achieve two major objectives: to send a strong message on the importance of a continued, enhanced commitment to poverty eradication in the run-up to 2015; second, to provide an opportunity for dialogue among stakeholders on the next steps towards the realization of the universal goal of poverty eradication.
Labour and social issues arising from problems of cross-border mobility of international drivers in the road transport sector (ILO report)
Excessive border delays, inefficient or corrupt border officials and drivers' vulnerability to sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS put the international road transport sector at risk, according to this ILO report. In many cases, poor infrastructure, inefficient organization of official procedures and unprofessional border officials not only negatively affect the living and working conditions of international drivers at border crossings worldwide but also have negative economic impacts.
Our Precious Coasts: Marine Pollution, Climate Change and Resilience of Coastal Ecosystems (UNEP report)
The ability of coral reefs to survive in a globally-warming world may crucially depend on the levels of pollution to which they are exposed, new findings indicate. Scientists studying reefs that were bleached in the late 1990s by high surface sea temperatures have found a link between recovery rates and the levels of contamination entering coastal waters from developments on the land. The findings, released at an international marine pollution conference taking place in Beijing, China, have come from a team led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Nature Seychelles—the environment wing of the Government of the Seychelles—and scientific and government experts from the Netherlands and Norway.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World (FAO report)
Ten years after the 1996 World Food Summit (WFS) in Rome, which promised to reduce the number of undernourished people by half by 2015, there were more hungry people in the developing countries today – 820 million – than there were in 1996.
Office of the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG/CAAC) – new website
The website is designed as a platform to illuminate the work being done in this field and to build links between partner organizatons.
Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons
Human trafficking is dynamic and adaptable and constantly changes in order to defeat efforts by law enforcement to prevent it. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has prepared a toolkit that presents a selection of conceptual, legislative and organizational tools in use in different parts of the world.
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