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Aggiornamento settimanale sulla crisi siriana

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1 Mar - For the second time in a week, UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock briefed the Security Council on the humanitarian situation in Syria. Following the adoption of resolution 2401(2018) on 24 February, he said that UN convoys were ready to go to ten besieged and hard-to-reach locations, including a 45-truck convoy with aid for 90,000 people to Douma, in Eastern Ghouta. The United Nations was also working with the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent to support medical evacuations from Eastern Ghouta. However, the UN was being denied access to any of these locations. Since the adoption of the resolution “more fighting, more bombing, more death and more destruction” had occurred. The UN Relief Chief added that over the past ten days, nearly 580 people were reported to have been killed due to air and ground-based strikes in Eastern Ghouta, with well over 1,000 people injured.   

Also briefing the Council, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Jeffrey Feltman,

said the brief respite the Council demanded for Syria in resolution 2401 had failed to materialize. There were even reports of yet another chlorine gas attack. He added that the scale of the Government’s indiscriminate military attacks against Eastern Ghouta, an area with a civilian population of 400,000, cannot be justified on the basis of targeting Jabhat al Nusra fighters.

https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/SyriaSCStatement022818%20%281%29.pdf

http://www.un.org/undpa/en/speeches-statements/28022018/syria

Secretary-General warns that the situation in Eastern Ghouta cannot wait

Secretary-General António Guterres on 26 February welcomed the adoption by the Security Council of the resolution on cessation of hostilities in Syria, saying he expected it to be immediately implemented and sustained to ensure the safe, unimpeded delivery of humanitarian aid. In remarks to the Human Rights Council in Geneva, he warned that the situation in Eastern Ghouta could not wait. “It is high time to stop this hell on earth.  And I remind all parties of their absolute obligation and international humanitarian and human rights law to protect civilians and civilian infrastructure at all times”.

http://www.un.org/press/en/2018/sgsm18912.doc.htm

 UN Human Rights Chief renews his call for accountability for crimes in Syria

High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein called once again the Security Council to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court. “It is essential that the international community respond to the magnitude and horror of the violations and crimes that have been and are being committed. Those suspected of committing international crimes must know they are under watch and will be brought to justice”, he told the Human Rights Council on 26 February. The UN Rights Chief stressed that all efforts at negotiation and mediation efforts must include the victims' rights to truth, reparation, and justice.

http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=22711&LangID=E

 Security Council urges 30-day cessation of hostilities in Syria to allow aid delivery

The Security Council adopted unanimously on 24 February a resolution demanding parties to Syria’s conflict to cease hostilities without delay for at least 30 consecutive days, ensuring a “durable humanitarian pause” to enable weekly humanitarian aid deliveries and medical evacuations of the critically sick and wounded. In resolution 2401, the Council demanded that, immediately after the start of the cessation of hostilities, all parties would allow safe, unimpeded and sustained access each week for the aid convoys of the UN and partners to all requested areas and populations — particularly the 5.6 million people in acute need and the 2.9 million in hard-to-reach and besieged locations. The Council further called upon all parties to immediately lift the sieges of populated areas — including in Eastern Ghouta, Yarmouk, Foua and Kefraya — and cease depriving civilians of essential food and medicine.

https://www.un.org/press/en/2018/sc13221.doc.htm

More than 300 civilians killed in Syria since mid-February, Security Council is told

Briefing the Security Council via video link from Geneva on 23 February, UN Relief Chief Mark Lowcock gave an overview of the dire humanitarian situation in Syria amid escalating violence. He said that since 19 February, the death toll was close to 300 people and at least twenty-three attacks on civilian infrastructure, including health facilities has been reported. Meanwhile, ground-based strikes and mortar shelling from Eastern Ghouta were killing and injuring scores of civilians in Damascus city, too. “I will say it again: What we need is a sustained cessation of hostilities, and we need it desperately; a cessation of violence that will enable the immediate, safe, unimpeded and sustained delivery of humanitarian aid and services, the evacuation of the critically sick and wounded and an alleviation of the suffering of the Syrian people”, Mr. Lowcock told the Council. “You can still save lives in Eastern Ghouta – and elsewhere in Syria. I urge you to do so”.

https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/USG%20Lowcock%20Statement%20to%20Member%20States%20on%20Syria.pdf

Amid intensifying violence, senior UN officials urge the Security Council to take action

In a joint statement on 23 February, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi; the UN Development Programme Administrator, Achim Steiner; and the Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, stressed to Member States that now more than ever it is critical to sustain international support for the countries hosting some 5.5 million Syrian refugees.  The UN officials said they are “deeply shaken and distraught by the brutality and utter disregard for civilian lives” and urged for an immediate ceasefire, protection of civilians and unfettered humanitarian access to Eastern Ghouta. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Press%20release%20on%20Syria%20UNHCR_UNDP_OCHA.pdf

UNRWA condemns the killing of two Palestine refugee children near Damascus

The UN Relief and Work Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) condemns in the strongest possible terms the killing yesterday in a mortar attack of two Palestine refugee children near the Palestine refugee camp of Jaramana, 8 kilometers from Damascus. A fourteen and fourteen-and-a-half year old, both male UNRWA students were killed as they walked home after school. Both children were previously displaced from the Yarmouk refugee camp in Damascus. Two more children aged 14 and 15 were injured in the attack.

https://www.unrwa.org/newsroom/official-statements/unrwa-condemns-killing-two-palestine-refugee-children-near-damascus

Majority of Syrian refugee children in Jordan live in poverty - UNICEF

Syrian refugee families living in host communities in Jordan are increasingly struggling to meet their basic needs, including educating and protecting their children, UNICEF said on 25 February. Nearly 85 per cent of registered Syrian refugee children are living in poverty, the UN Children’s agency found. “With the unparalleled massive scale of the Syria crisis and its prolonged nature, Jordan needs continued support in order to manage the impact of this crisis and meet the needs of vulnerable children” said Robert Jenkins, UNICEF Representative in Jordan. “Seven years into this crisis, we need to collectively continue to do all that we can to support vulnerable refugee children and their families that are struggling to meet their basic needs.”

https://www.unicef.org/jordan/media_12451.html

 UN Radio in Arabic

Despite the Security Council resolution on Syria, hostilities continue in Eastern Ghouta

         رغم قرار مجلس الأمن حول سوريا، الأعمال العدائية مستمرة في الغوطة الشرقية

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1003301

UN receives reports of ongoing military operations in Eastern Ghouta

         تقارير حول استمرار العمليات العسكرية في الغوطة الشرقية

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1003232

The UN welcomes the Security Council resolution on ceasefire in Syria

         الأمم المتحدة ترحب بقرار مجلس الأمن الدولي بشأن وقف القتال في سوريا

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1003201

The Security Council adopts a resolution on 30-day cessation of hostilities in Syria

         مجلس الأمن يعتمد قرارا بشأن وقف القتال في سوريا لمدة شهر

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1003171

The President of the Security Council expresses his hope that the Council will vote in favor of a draft resolution on Syria

         رئيس مجلس الأمن يبدي الأمل في أن يصوت المجلس لصالح مشروع قرار حول سوريا

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1003101

The United Nations calls for an immediate ceasefire in Syria and warns against a repetition of what happened in Aleppo

         الأمم المتحدة تدعو إلى وقف عاجل لإطلاق النار في سوريا وتحذر من تكرار ما حدث لحلب في الغوطة الشرقية

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1003081

Voices from Eastern Ghouta before the UN Security Council

         أصوات من الغوطة الشرقية أمام مجلس الأمن الدولي

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1003001

UNRWA condemns the killing of two kids of the Palestinian refugees near Damascus

الأونروا تدين مقتل طفلين من اللاجئين الفلسطينيين بالقرب من دمشق       

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1002901

 UN receives reports of ongoing military operations in Eastern Ghouta

         تقارير حول استمرار العمليات العسكرية في الغوطة الشرقية

https://news.un.org/ar/story/2018/02/1003232

 Twitter

UN Political [email protected]_DPA- 28 February

Feltman: Scale of government's indiscriminate attacks against Eastern #Ghouta … can't be justified on basis of targeting Jabhat al Nusra. Fight against terrorism does not supersede obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law. http://www.un.org/undpa/en/speeches-statements/28022018/syria

Mark [email protected] 28 February

More bombing.

More fighting.

More death.

More destruction.

More maiming of women and children.

More hunger.

More misery.

That is what has happened with zero humanitarian access in Syria since the UNSC passed its latest resolution.

More, in other words, of the same.

OCHA Syria-28 February

The @UN is ready to immediately support life-saving aid convoys and to support medical evacuations. But the fighting must stop and approvals from all parties to deliver must be granted #Syria

United Nations Retweeted UNICEF- 28 February

Not tomorrow.

Not next week.

Not next month.

Stop the attacks on children, schools and hospitals in Syria. The cease fire needs to start NOW.

United Nations Retweeted UNOCHA- 28 February

Syria: Military operations in besieged Eastern Ghouta continue, with attacks claiming lives of 30 people. http://bit.ly/2FG1xWF

UN in Syria Retweeted UNHCR Syria-27 February

Across #Syria, 6.1M ppl are displaced & living in dire conditions, many live in unfinished bldgs.

@UNHCRinSYRIA is on the ground to assess essential needs & respond w/ relief items incl. blankets, mats, kitchen sets & jerry cans.

IOM - UN Migration-27 February

Our appeal for #Syria seeks to assist:

  • 1 m with humanitarian assistance
  • 800,000 with access to safe water
  • 500,000 with health services
  • 500,000 with protection services
  • 135,000 with adequate services in camps

UN in Syria Retweeted FAO in MENA-26 February

#DYK that almost 40% of the population in #Syria suffers from #FoodInsecurity?

Find out what #UNFAO is doing on-ground to mitigate the situation: http://bit.ly/2BKyVvt

IOM - UN Migration -26 February Syrian #refugees:

  • Worldwide: 5.5M
  • In Turkey: 3.2M
  • In Lebanon: 1M

We are appealing for 75 million to provide humanitarian assistance to Syrian refugees in Turkey and Lebanon ➡ http://bit.ly/2ouN9bc

OCHA Syria @OCHA_Syria -25 February

The @UN welcomes the adoption of a resolution demanding a sustained ceasefire throughout #Syria, humanitarian access, and medical evacuations. Words must quickly become action and attacks must stop.

OCHA Syria @OCHA_Syria -22 February

"You can still save lives in #EastGhouta – and elsewhere in #Syria. I urge you to do so," said @UNReliefChief to @UN Security Council today

OCHA Syria Retweeted MSF International @MSF-21 February #Syria: We have seen 1,285 wounded and 237 dead in less than 3 days

“The need for life-saving care is as high now in #EastGhouta as we have known since the start of the war” @MSF_Syria

OCHA Syria @OCHA_Syria-21 February

Read @UN Secretary General statement on escalating situation in besieged #EastGhouta #Syria and its devastating impact on nearly 400,000 people subjected to airstrikes, shelling and bombardment

http://un.org/sg/en/content/sg/statement/2018-02-20/statement-attributable-spokesman-secretary-general-eastern-ghouta

UN Human Rights-21 February 

#Syria - Eastern Ghouta: “Already overwhelmed medical facilities have been repeatedly hit... All parties to this senseless conflict have a responsibility to ensure that people receive the care they need." - #Zeid http://ow.ly/Rfjp30ixiiS

[email protected] 22 February

UNRWA CONDEMNS THE KILLING OF TWO PALESTINE REFUGEE CHILDREN NEAR DAMASCUS - Full statement:

https://twitter.com/UNRWA/status/966588917481910273

[email protected] 20 February

3,000 #Palestine refugee families returned 2 Sbeineh camp in #Syria. UNRWA trucks in water daily & rehabilitated 2 wells. #Palref Da'ed: "Water is a basic life necessity, but we've a shortage, we can't afford it" #DignityIsPriceless #FundUNRWA http://www.unrwa.org/donate

https://twitter.com/UNRWA/status/965895172344205312

 Facebook

Around 3,000 Palestine refugee families returned to Sbeineh refugee camp in Syria. UNRWA trucks in water daily and has rehabilitated two wells. Da'ed, a Palestine refuge woman, says "Water is a basic life necessity, but we've a shortage, we can't afford it."

#DignityIsPriceless #ForPalestineRefugees #FundUNRWA www.unrwa.org/donate

https://www.facebook.com/unrwa/photos/a.118302834882959.10295.105171192862790/1700570679989492/?type=3&theater

 Social media campaigns

 UNRWA Global fund-raising campaign

UNRWA launched in January 2018 the #DignityIsPriceless global campaign in response to the unprecedented funding reductions by the U.S. Government to protect the dignity of Palestine refugees by providing emergency food assistance to the most vulnerable, and by not disrupting the education of their children and healthcare for families. Through a call to action, UNRWA aims to raise five hundred million USD (500$M). #FundUNRWA #DignityIsPriceless

https://www.unrwa.org/donate

#My Voice-My School is an UNRWA project launched in 2015 and implemented by Digital Explorer to connect schools in Gaza, Syria, Lebanon with schools in Europe and USA through Skype exchanges. Through live video conversations and customized teaching materials, students and teachers explore how education can help them meet their future aspirations. www.unrwa.org/myvoicemyschool

@ShareTheMeal: In April 2016, the World Food Programme launched its phone application to support fundraising efforts for Syrian refugee children in Lebanon. ShareTheMeal’s fundraising aims to support 1,400 refugee children. Through the app, smartphone users can join thousands of other people in making donations and support a selected community and monitor progress. Since the launch of the campaign, more than 15 million meals have been shared.

www.sharethemeal.org

#Unite4Heritage is a global movement run by UNESCO that aims to celebrate and safeguard cultural heritage and diversity around the world. Launched in response to the unprecedented attacks on world heritage sites, the campaign calls on everyone to stand up against extremism and radicalization by celebrating the places, objects and cultural traditions that make the world such a rich and vibrant place.

http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/1254/

#NoLostGeneration: The initiative was launched by UNICEF and partners in 2013 to focus attention on the plight of children affected by the Syrian crisis. By articulating real concerns about the possible ‘loss’ of a generation of children to the effects of violence and displacement, the initiative put education and child protection at the centre of the response inside Syria and across the refugee hosting countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt).

http://nolostgeneration.org/about

 Relevant links to UN Secretariat, Agencies, Funds and Programmes on Syria

DPI Focus Page on Syria:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocusRel.asp?infocusID=146&Body=Syria&Body1=

 UN System agencies :

UNICEF: http://www.unicef.org/media/index.html

WFP: http://www.wfp.org/countries/syria

OCHA: http:/unocha.org/syria, twitter.com/ocha_syria, facebook.com/UNOCHA.Syria

WHO: http://www.who.int/countries/syr/en/

UNHCR: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/4f86c2426.html

UNFPA:https://www.unfpa.org/emergencies/crisis-syria

OHCHR: http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/NewsSearch.aspx?CID=SY

UNRWA: http://www.unrwa.org/

UNESCO:http://www.unesco.org/new/en/syria-crisis-response/

UNESCO Emergency Safeguarding of the Syrian Cultural Heritage Project:      http://www.unesco.org/new/en/beirut/areas-of-action/culture/syria/emergency-safeguarding-of-the-syrian-heritage/

UNESCO Observatory of Syrian Cultural Heritage https://en.unesco.org/syrian-observatory/

UNESCO Bridging Learning Gaps for Youth: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/syria-crisis-response/bridging-learning-gaps/

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