Monday, 20 November 2017

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UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Syrian Arab Republic

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Syrian Crisis - United Nations Response; A Weekly Update from the UN Department of Public Information
http://un4.me/2042r6h
DPI has developed this product to share information on and highlight what the UN is doing to respond to the Syria crisis. The bulletin, issued on a weekly basis, aims at providing a snapshot of the latest UN activities to address the crisis, gathered from open source material.

Syrian Peace Process
http://un4.me/1KGarku

Intra-Syrian negotiations - Key dates of the peace process
https://un4.me/2mQVckv

UN chief appoints head of panel laying groundwork for possible war crimes probe in Syria (UN News Centre, 3 July 2017):
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=57112

Brussels Conference on Supporting the future of Syria and the region (4-5 April 2017)
http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/syria/

International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism
to assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of those
Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under
International Law committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011
(Note to Correspondents, 26 January 2017)
https://un4.me/2kzWTxx

Summary of UN Headquarters ‘Board of Inquiry’ Report:
UN-Syrian Arab Red Crescent aid convoy attacked from the air
(DPA Politically Speaking, 21 December 2016)
https://un4.me/2kzYROh

Mediator's Summary of the 13-27 April Round
of UN Facilitated Intra-Syrian Talks (28 April 2016)
https://un4.me/2sNBHMB

UN Special Envoy’s Paper on Points of Commonalities (24 March 2016)
http://un4.me/1ollp6B

Supporting Syria and the Region (4 February 2016, London)
https://www.supportingsyria2016.com/

Geneva Consultations on Syria - 2015
http://un4.me/1UpPigZ

Geneva Conference on Syria
Montreux, 22 January 2014
Geneva, 24-31 January 2014
2nd Round of Talks: 10-15 February 2014
http://un4.me/15TMZP4


 Security Council
  • Meetings in 2017: 7 November, 24 October, 27 September, 30 August, 27 July, 27, 15 June, 30, 23, 22 May, 27, 12, 7, 5 April, 30 March, 28, 22 February, 26 January – The situation in the Middle East
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2017.shtml
    (Meeting records, press releases and resolutions)
  • Meetings in 2016: 31, 23, 21, 19, 5 December, 30, 21, 17 November, 31, 26, 8 October, 29, 25, 21 September, 22 August, 25 July, 23 June, 27, 4 May, 28 April, 30 March, 26, 24 February, 27, 14 January – The situation in the Middle East;
    28 September - Protection of civilians in armed conflict
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2016.shtml
  • Meetings in 2015: 22, 21, 18 December, 16 November, 27 October, 16 September, 27, 17, 7 August, 29 July, 28 July, 29 June, 28 May, 24, 21 April, 27 March, 6 March, 26 February, 28 January – The situation in the Middle East
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2015.shtml
  • Meetings in 2014: 18, 15 December, 25 November, 30 October, 30, 19 September, 28 August, 14 July, 26 June, 22 May, 22 February - Middle East situation – Syria, 20 January – The situation in the Middle East
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2014.shtml
  • Meetings in 2013: 2 October, 27 September, 24, 18 April, 26 February – The situation in the Middle East
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2013.shtml
  • Meetings in 2012: 30 August – The situation in the Middle East; 9 August - Meeting with the troop-contributing countries to the United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria; 19 & 20 July - Middle East; 10 June - Meeting with countries contributing troops and police to the UN Peacekeeping Force in Syrian Arab Republic; 23 April - Middle East; 21 April – Middle East; 14 April – Middle East; 27 March - Middle East; 21 March - Middle East; 12 March - Middle East; 4 February - Middle East situation - Syria ; 31 January - Middle East situation – Syria
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2012.shtml
  • Meetings in 2011: 4 October - Middle East Sstuation; 3 August - Middle East situation; 10 May - Protection of civilians in armed conflict; 27 April - Meetings on the Middle East situation:
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2011.shtml
    (Meeting records, press releases and resolutions)

Resolutions and other selected documents:

    • S/2017/931 (6 November 2017): Letter dated 3 November 2017 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/931
      Transmits letter dated 2 Nov. 2017 from the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) transmitting the report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria regarding the alleged use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic on 30 Mar. 2017.
    • S/2017/904 (31 October 2017): Letter dated 26 October 2017 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/904
      Transmits 7th report of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)-United Nations Joint Investigative Mechanism.
    • S/2017/884 (24 October 2017): Draft resolution [on the extension of the mandate of the Joint Investigative Mechanism]: http://undocs.org/S/2017/884
    • S/2017/815 (29 September 2017): Letter dated 27 September 2017 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/815
      Transmits the 48th monthly report of the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) pursuant to para. 12 of Security Council resolution 2118 (2013); covers the period from 23 Aug.-22 Sept. 2017.
    • S/2017/794 (21 September 2017): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015) and 2332 (2016): report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2017/794
      43rd report submitted pursuant to para. 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), para. 10 of resolution 2165 (2014), para. 5 of resolution 2191 (2014), para. 5 of resolution 2258 (2015) and para. 5 of resolution 2332 (2016); covers the period 1-31 Aug. 2017.
      "Annex: Incidents affecting civilians recorded by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in August 2017": p. 16-20.
    • S/2017/567 (30 June 2017): Letter dated 30 June 2017 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/567
      Other Title: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria regarding an alleged incident in Khan Shaykhun, Syrian Arab Republic, April 2017
      Transmits letter dated 29 June 2017 from the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) transmitting the report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria regarding the alleged use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic on 4 April 2017.
    • S/2017/445 (23 May 2017): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015) and 2332 (2016): report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2017/445
      39th report submitted pursuant to para. 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), para. 10 of resolution 2165 (2014), para. 5 of resolution 2191 (2014), para. 5 of resolution 2258 (2015), and para. 5 of resolution 2332 (2016); covers the period from 1-31 Apr. 2017.
      "Annex: Incidents affecting civilians recorded by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, April 2017": p. 16-21.
    • S/2017/400 (5 May 2017): Letter dated 4 May 2017 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/400
      Transmits report from the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons entitled "Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria regarding the incident of 16 September 2016, as reported in the note verbale of the Syrian Arab Republic, number 113, dated 29 November 2016".
    • S/2017/315 (12 April 2017): Draft resolution [on the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic]: http://undocs.org/S/2017/315
    • S/2017/172 (28 February 2017): Draft resolution [on the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic]: http://undocs.org/S/2017/172
    • S/2017/45 (17 January 2017): Letter dated 16 January 2017 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/45
      Transmits two notes by the Technical Secretariat of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, entitled "Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria regarding the incident of 2 August 2016 as reported in the note verbale of the Syrian Arab Republic number 69, dated 16 August 2016" and "Summary update of the activities carried out by the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria in 2016" respectively.
    • S/RES/2336 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2336(2016)
      on establishment of a ceasefire in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/2016/1133 (29 December 2016): Letter dated 29 December 2016 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation and the Chargé d'affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Turkey to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2016/1133
      Transmits documents concerning the establishment of a ceasefire in the Syrian Arab Republic.
    • A/71/730-S/2016/1082 (22 December 2016): Letter dated 20 December 2016 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2016/1082Transmits joint statement by the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey on "agreed steps to revitalize the political process to end the Syrian conflict", adopted in Moscow on 20 Dec. 2016.
    • S/2016/1090 (21 December 2016): Letter dated 20 December 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2016/1090
      Transmits special report of the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict focusing on crimes committed by the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant in the context of Iraq and the Syrian Arab Republic, prepared pursuant to Security Council resolutions 1960 (2010), 2106 (2013), 2242 (2015) and 2253 (2015).
    • S/RES/2332 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2332(2016) 
      on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and renewal of authorization of relief delivery and monitoring mechanism until 18 Jan. 2018
    • S/RES/2328 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2328(2016)
      on humanitarian evacuations in Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/2016/1026 (5 December 2016): Egypt, New Zealand and Spain: draft resolution: http://undocs.org/S/2016/1026
    • S/RES/2319 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2319(2016)
      extended the mandate of the United Nations-Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Joint Investigative Mechanism for an additional year
    • S/RES/2314 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2314(2016)
      extending the mandate of the United Nations-Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Joint Investigative Mechanism until 18 November
    • S/2016/847 (8 October 2016): Draft resolution / Russian Federation [on cessation of hostilities in the Syrian Arab Republic]: http://undocs.org/S/2016/847
    • S/2016/846 (8 October 2016): Draft resolution / Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America [on cessation of hostilities in the Syrian Arab Republic]: http://undocs.org/S/2016/846
    • S/RES/2268 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2268(2016)
      on cessation of hostilities in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/2016/152 (17 February 2016): Letter dated 17 February 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2016/152
      Submitted pursuant to para. 15 of Security Council resolution 2254 (2015), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report within 60 days on the implementation of the resolution.
    • S/RES/2258 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2258(2015)
      on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and renewal for a period of 12 months of two decisions of Security Council resolution 2165 (2014)
    • S/RES/2254 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2254(2015)
      endorsing road map for peace process in Syria, setting timetable for talks
    • S/RES/2235 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2235(2015)
      on establishment of an OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism to identify the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/RES/2209 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2209(2015)
      on the progress in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons programme
    • S/RES/2192 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2192(2014)
      on renewal of the decisions in paragraphs 2 and 3 of Security Council resolution 2165 (2014) for a period of 12 months until 10 Jan. 2016
    • S/AC.51/2014/4 (26 November 2014): Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict: Conclusions on children and armed conflict in the Syria: http://undocs.org/S/AC.51/2014/4
    • S/RES/2165 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2165(2014)
      on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and the establishment of a monitoring mechanism
    • S/2014/348 (22 May 2014): Draft resolution [on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic]: http://undocs.org/S/2014/348
    • S/2014/244 (4 April 2014): Letter from the Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/244http://undocs.org/S/2014/244
      Transmits report entitled "A report into the credibility of certain evidence with regard to torture and execution of persons incarcerated by the current Syrian regime", prepared by a commission of inquiry consisting of legal, medical and medical imaging experts.
    • S/RES/ 2139(2014): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2139(2014)
      on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/2014/31 (27 January 2014): Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic: http://undocs.org/S/2014/31
    • A/68/663-S/2013/735 (13 December 2013): Identical letters dated 13 December 2013 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly and the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2013/735
      Transmits the final report of the UN Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic; includes 11 appendices.
    • S/2013/591 (7 October 2013): Letter dated 7 October 2013 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2013/591
      Transmits proposal of the Secretary-General outlining his plans for a Joint Mission with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
    • S/PRST/2013/15 (2 October 2013): Statement by the President of the Security Council: "The situation in the Middle East”: http://undocs.org/S/PRST/2013/15
    • S/2013/580 (27 September 2013): Letter dated 27 September 2013 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2013/580
      Transmits decision of the Executive Council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons entitled “Decision on destruction of Syrian chemical weapons”
    • S/RES/2118 (2013): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2118(2013)
      on the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • A/67/997-S/2013/553 (13 September 2013): Report of the United Nations Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic on the alleged use of chemical weapons in the Ghouta area of Damascus on 21 August 2013 : note / by the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2013/553
      Includes letter of transmittal of the report dated 13 Sept. 2013 from the UN Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic.
    • S/2013/184 (25 March 2013): Letter dated 22 March 2013 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2013/184
      The Secretary-General announced his decision to conduct an investigation into the alleged use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/2012/618 (10 August 2012): Letter dated 10 August 2012 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2012/618
      Updates the Council on the implementation of the Security Council resolution 2059 (2012) and the situation in Syria since the 2 Aug. 2012 briefing by the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations.
    • S/RES/2059 (2012)http://undocs.org/S/RES/2059(2012)
      on the renewal of the mandate of UNSMIS for a final period of 30 days
    • S/2012/538 (19 July 2012): France, Germany, Portugal, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution: http://undocs.org/S/2012/538
    • S/2012/523 (6 July 2012): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolution 2043 (2012): http://undocs.org/S/2012/523
      Annex (p.18-22) : "Final communiqué of the Action Group for Syria".
    • S/RES/2043 (2012): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2043(2012)
      on the establishment of a UN Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS)
    • S/2012/238 (19 April 2012): Letter dated 2012/04/19 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2012/238
      Provides a background to the crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic and outlines a proposal for a UN Supervision Mission in the Syrian Arab Republic (UNSMIS) for an initial period of 3 months; recommends that the Security Council authorize UNSMIS, with the understanding that the Secretary-General consider relevant developments on the ground, including the consolidation of the cessation of the violence, in deciding on deployments.
    • S/RES/2042 (2012): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2042(2012)
      on authorization of the deployment of an advance team of up to 30 unarmed military observers to Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/PRST/2012/6 (21 March 2012): http://undocs.org/S/PRST/2012/6
      Includes text of the initial six-point proposal submitted to the Syrian authorities, as outlined by the Joint Special Envoy for the United Nations and the League of Arab States, Kofi Annan, to the Security Council on 16 March 2012)
    • S/2012/77 (4 February 2012): Bahrain, Colombia, Egypt, France, Germany, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution: http://undocs.org/S/2012/77


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General Assembly
  • A/71/755/Add.1 (16 August 2017): Implementation of the resolution establishing the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011: report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/A/71/755/Add.1
    Outlines progress made in the operationalization of the Mechanism, notably in terms of administrative set-up and fundraising.
  • A/71/755 (19 January 2017): Implementation of the resolution establishing the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011: report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/A/71/755
    "Annex: Terms of reference of the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011": p. 10-15.
  • A/71/778 (26 January 2017): Implementation of resolution 71/130 on the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic: report of the Secretary-General:
    http://undocs.org/A/71/778
  • General Assembly takes action on Second Committee reports by adopting 37 texts; Resolution establishing international mechanism concerning Syria passed in direct plenary action (GA/11880, 21 December 2016): http://www.un.org/press/en/2016/ga11880.doc.htm
    • A/RES/71/248: International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of those Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011: http://undocs.org/A/RES/71/248
  • General Assembly demands immediate end to hostilities in Syria, as speakers decry Security Council’s continuing impotence (GA/11871, 9 December 2016):
    http://www.un.org/press/en/2016/ga11871.doc.htm
  • A/70/919 (9 June 2016): Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic : report of the Secretary-General:
    http://undocs.org/A/70/919
  • A/RES/70/234: Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic:
    http://undocs.org/A/RES/70/234
  • Adopting 68 texts recommended by Third Committee, General Assembly sends strong message towards ending impunity, renewing efforts to protect human rights (GA/11604, 18 December 2014): http://www.un.org/press/en/2014/ga11604.doc.htm
  • General Assembly adopts text condemning violence in Syria, demanding that all sides end hostilities (GA/11372, 15 May 2013):
    http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2013/ga11372.doc.htm
  • General Assembly strongly condemns widespread, systematic human rights violations in Syria, as it adopts 56 resolutions recommended by Third Committee (GA/11331, 20 December 2012):
    http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2012/ga11331.doc.htm
  • General Assembly, in resolution, demands all in Syria ‘immediately and visibly’ commit to ending violence that Secretary-General says is ripping country apart (GA/11266, 3 August 2012):
    http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2012/ga11266.doc.htm
  • Informal meeting of the Plenary on the Situation in the Syrian Arab Republic - 7 June 2012:
    http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2012/ga11250.doc.htm
  • General Assembly adopts resolution strongly condemning ‘widespread and systematic’ human rights violations by Syrian authorities; Text passes by 137 votes in favour to 12 against, with 17 abstentions (GA/11207, 16 February 2012):
    http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2012/ga11207.doc.htm
  • Top UN Human Rights Official says member states ‘must act now’ to protect Syrian people, as violent crackdown continues, in briefing to General Assembly (GA/11206, 13 February 2012):
    http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2012/ga11206.doc.htm
  • General Assembly to discuss latest developments in Syria (UN News Centre Story, 10 February 2012):
    http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=41200&;Cr=syria&Cr1
  • General Assembly adopts more than 60 resolutions recommended by Third Committee, including text condemning grave, systematic human rights violations in Syria (GA/11198, 19 December 2011):
    http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2011/ga11198.doc.htm


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Human Rights Council


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UN Entities
  • United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) - Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) – Maps: Syria
    http://www.unitar.org/unosat/maps/SYR
    • Four Years of Human Suffering – The Syria conflict as observed through satellite imagery (March 2015):
      http://un4.me/1MMoeoK


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Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials


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Selected UN Documents
  • UN Member States on the Record: Syrian Arab Republic
    http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/unms/syrianarabrepublic.shtml
    key documents related to its membership in the UN; statements made before the principal organs; draft resolutions sponsored; periodic reports submitted on Human Rights conventions, etc.


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Selected Articles in UN Journals


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Further Information


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Non-UN Sources


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24 October 2017
not an official document - for information only
http://www.unric.org/en/unric-library/26585