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UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Democratic Republic of the Congo


UN Entities

 

Security Council

Related documents:

    • S/2021/306 (30 March 2021): Implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region: report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2021/306
      Submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2502 (2019); provides an overview of developments since the previous report (S/2020/951) and covers the period 16 Sept. 2020-15 Mar. 2021.

    • S/2021/274 (18 March 2021): United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2021/274
      Submitted pursuant to para. 55 of Security Council resolution 2556 (2020); covers major developments from 2 Dec. 2020-18 Mar. 2021 since the Secretary-General’s report of 30 Nov. 2020 (S/2020/1150). Includes UN map no. 4412 Rev. 40: MONUSCO February 2021 (Feb. 2021).

    • S/2020/1214 (31 December 2020): Letter dated 15 December 2020 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2020/1214
      Transmits report of the Committee’s activities for 2020.
    • S/RES/2556 (2020): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2556(2020)
      on extension of the mandate of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) until 20 Dec. 2021
    • S/2020/1030 (19 October 2020): Children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2020/1030
      7th report prepared pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions; covers the period from 1 Jan. 2018-31 Mar. 2020; focuses on six grave violations committed against children since the previous report (S/2018/502).
    • S/RES/2528 (2020): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2528(2020)
      on renewal of measures on arms embargo against the Democratic Republic of the Congo imposed by Security Council resolution 2293 (2016) until 1 July 2021 and extension of the mandate of the Group of Experts Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) until 1 Aug. 2021
    • S/2020/482 (2 June 2020): Letter dated 2 June 2020 from the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2020/482
      Final report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • S/RES/2502 (2019): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2502(2019)
      on extension of the mandate of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) until 20 Dec. 2020
    • S/2019/870 (12 November 2019): Letter dated 8 November 2019 from the Permanent Representative of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2019/870
      Informs that a national committee for the strategic review of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) was established and is conducting internal consultations on this issue and on the future mandate of MONUSCO.
    • S/2019/842 (25 October 2019): Letter dated 24 October 2019 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2019/842
      Transmits, pursuant to Security Council resolution 2463 (2019), an independent strategic review of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), prepared by Youssef Mahmoud.
    • S/RES/2478 (2019): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2478(2019)
      on renewal of measures on arms embargo against the Democratic Republic of the Congo imposed by Security Council resolution 2293 (2016) until 1 July 2020 and extension of the mandate of the Group of Experts Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) until 1 Aug. 2020
    • S/2019/296 (8 April 2019): Letter dated 8 April 2019 from the Permanent Representatives of Germany, Peru and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2019/296
      Transmits summary note of the meeting of the Security Council Informal Expert Group on Women, Peace and Security on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, held on 25 Mar. 2019.
    • S/RES/2463 (2019): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2463(2019)
      on extension of the mandate of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) until 20 Dec. 2019
    • S/2019/159 (19 February 2019): Letter dated 15 February 2019 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2019/159
      Transmits update covering developments on progress in the electoral process and implementation of the political agreement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; covers the period 1-31 Jan. 2019.
    • S/2018/1135 (31 December 2018): Letter dated 17 December 2018 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2018/1135
      Transmits report of the Committee’s activities for 2018.
    • S/2018/1068 (30 November 2018): Letter dated 28 November 2018 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2018/1068
      Transmits, pursuant to para. 61 of Security Council resolution 2409 (2018), 30-day update covering developments from 27 Oct.-26 Nov. 2018 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 
    • S/2018/977 (31 October 2018): Letter dated 29 October 2018 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2018/977
      Transmits, pursuant to para. 61 of Security Council resolution 2409 (2018), 30-day update covering developments from 29 Sept.-26 Oct. 2018 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    • S/RES/2439 (2018): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2439(2018)
      on condemning attacks by armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and their role in exacerbating the Ebola virus outbreak
    • S/2018/786 (28 August 2018): Letter dated 24 August 2018 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2018/786
      Transmits, pursuant to para. 61 of Security Council resolution 2409 (2018), 30-day update covering developments from 26 July-24 Aug. 2018 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    • S/2018/762 (8 August 2018): Letter dated 7 August 2018 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2018/762
      Transmits, pursuant to para. 61 of Security Council resolution 2409 (2018), 30-day update covering developments from 1-31 July 2018 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    • S/AC.51/2018/2 (7 August 2018): Conclusions on children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict: http://undocs.org/S/AC.51/2018/2
    • S/RES/2424 (2018): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2424(2018)
      on renewal of measures on arms embargo against the Democratic Republic of the Congo imposed by Security Council resolution 2293 (2016) until 1 July 2019 and extension of the mandate of the Group of Experts Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) until 1 Aug. 2019
    • S/2018/531 (4 June 2018): Letter dated 20 May 2018 from the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2018/531
      Transmits final report of the Group of Experts pursuant to para. 6 of the Security Council resolution 2360 (2017).
    • S/2018/502 (25 May 2018): Children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2018/502
      6th report prepared pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions; covers the period from 1 Jan. 2014-31 Dec. 2017; focuses on six grave violations committed against children since the previous report (S/2014/453).
    • S/2018/362 (18 April 2018): Letter dated 16 April 2018 from the Permanent Representatives of Peru, Sweden and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2018/362
      Transmits summary note of the meeting of the Security Council Informal Expert Group on Women, Peace and Security on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, held on 28 Feb. 2018.
    • S/RES/2409 (2018): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2409(2018)
      on extension of the mandate of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) until 31 Mar. 2019
    • S/2018/128 (15 February 2018): Report of the Secretary-General on progress in the implementation of the political agreement of 31 December 2016: http://undocs.org/S/2018/128
      Submitted pursuant to resolution 2348 (2017), covers developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 5 Jan. 2018.
    • S/2017/1103 (29 December 2017): Letter dated 22 December 2017 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/1103
      Transmits report of the Committee’s activities for 2017.
    • S/2017/1091 (22 December 2017): Letter dated 22 December 2017 from the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/1091
      Transmits midterm report of the Group of Experts.
    • S/RES/2389 (2017): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2389(2017)
      on implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region
    • S/2017/963 (17 November 2017): Report of the Secretary-General on progress in the implementation of the political agreement of 31 December 2016: http://undocs.org/S/2017/963
      Submitted pursuant to resolution 2348 (2017), covers developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 29 Sept. 2017.
    • S/2017/826 (29 September 2017): Special report of the Secretary-General on the strategic review of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: http://undocs.org/S/2017/826
      Includes UN map no. 4412 rev. 25: MONUSCO Sept. 2017 (Sept. 2017).
    • S/2017/712 (15 August 2017): Report of the Secretary-General on progress in the implementation of the political agreement of 31 December 2016: http://undocs.org/S/2017/712
      Submitted pursuant to resolution 2348 (2017), covers developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 30 June 2017.
    • S/2017/672 (10 August 2017): Letter dated 4 August 2017 from the Group of Experts extended pursuant to Security Council resolution 2293 (2016) addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2017/672 and http://undocs.org/S/2017/672/Rev.1
      Transmits final report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    • S/RES/2360 (2017): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2360(2017)(2017)
      on renewal of measures on arms embargo against the Democratic Republic of the Congo imposed by Security Council resolution 2293 (2016) until 1 July 2018 and extension of the mandate of the Group of Experts Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) until 1 Aug. 2018
    • S/2017/435 (17 May 2017): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the political agreement of 31 December 2016 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: http://undocs.org/S/2017/435
      Submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2384 (2017); covers developments since 27 Mar. 2017.
    • S/RES/2348 (2017): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2348(2017)
      on extension of the mandate of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) until 31 Mar. 2018
    • S/2016/1086 (30 December 2016): Letter dated 27 December 2016 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2016/1086
      Transmits report of the Committee’s activities for 2016.
    • S/2016/922 (3 November 2016): Letter dated 31 October 2016 from the Permanent Representative of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2016/922
      Transmits the communiqué of the 7th High-Level Meeting of the Regional Oversight Mechanism of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region held in Luanda on 26 Oct. 2016.
    • S/2016/883 (2 Nov. 2016): Letter dated 20 October 2016 from the Permanent Representative of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2016/883
      Transmits the “Political Agreement for the Holding of Peaceful, Credible and Transparent Elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo”, signed on 18 Oct. 2016, and related press releases from the Chairperson of the African Union and the facilitator of the national dialogue.
    • S/RES/2293(2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2293(2016)
      on renewal of measures on arms embargo against the Democratic Republic of the Congo imposed by resolution 1807 (2008) and extension of the mandate of the Group of Experts Established pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004) until 1 Aug. 2017
    • S/RES/2211 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2211(2015)
      on extension of the mandate of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) until 31 Mar. 2016
    • S/2015/179 (12 March 2015): Letter dated 12 March 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2015/179
      Refers to Security Council resolution 2198 (2015) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo and extending the mandate of the Group of Experts; provides the names of the experts appointed to serve on the Group of Experts.
    • S/RES/2198 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2198(2015)
      on renewal of measures on arms embargo against all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • S/2015/19 (12 January 2015): Letter dated 12 January 2015 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1533 (2004) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2015/19
      Transmits final report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    • S/AC.51/2014/3 (18 September 2014): Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict : conclusions on children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: http://undocs.org/S/AC.51/2014/3
    • Further documentsclick here
    • Further information – Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council (1959-2019): https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/content/repertoire/africa#cat16

 

Human Rights Council

 

Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials

Further Information

United Nations Treaty Collection – Historical Information:
http://treaties.un.org/pages/HistoricalInfo.aspx
Democratic Republic of the Congo – As from 17 May 1997.
Formerly: “Zaire” until 16 May 1997 and “Democratic Republic of the Congo” until 27 October 1971.

 

Non-UN Sources

1 June 2021
not an official document – for information only
https://unric.org/en/unric-library-backgrounder-drc/

 

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