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UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Ukraine

For information 2014-2021 – click here


UN News Centre – Ukraine

News Focus – Ukraine

Ukraine: UN and partners provide life-saving aid to some 13.5 million
(UN News, 10 November 2022): https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/11/1130452

Black Sea Grain Initiative Joint Coordination Centre

An “unprecedented agreement” on the resumption of Ukrainian grain exports via the Black Sea amid the ongoing war is “a beacon of hope” in a world that desperately needs it, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said at the signing ceremony on 27 July in Istanbul, Türkiye.
The UN plan, which also paves the way for Russian food and fertilizer to reach global markets, will help to stabilize spiralling food prices worldwide and stave off famine, affecting millions.
The initiative specifically allows for significant volumes of commercial food exports from three key Ukrainian ports in the Black Sea – Odesa, Chornomorsk, Yuzhny.
The Secretary-General also announced the establishment of a Joint Coordination Centre to monitor implementation. It will be hosted in Istanbul and will include representatives from Ukraine, Russia and Türkiye.

The Black Sea Grain Initiative: What it is, and why it’s important for the world
(UN News, 16 September 2022): https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/09/1126811

Ukraine: UN-led Grain Initiative helps anchor food supply, chart way out of crisis
(UN News, 20 October 2022): https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/10/1129757



Note to Correspondents: Secretary-General appoints members of Fact-finding Mission regarding Incident at Olenivka on 29 July 2022 (22 August 2022):

Ukraine: Four months after Russian invasion, humanitarian needs intensify (30 June 2022):

Ukraine: Cycle of death, destruction, dislocation, and disruption ‘must stop’ (28 June 2022):

OCHA – 100 days of the war in Ukraine (6 June 2022):

WFP – War in Ukraine: Three months, three mothers, three generations dreaming of peace (6 June 2022):

Statement by Amin Awad, Assistant Secretary-General and United Nations Crisis Coordinator for Ukraine marking 100 days since the onset of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on 24 February (3 June 2022):

Ukraine: After 100 days of war, Guterres calls for end to violence, as UN works to free up vital food and fertilizer exports (3 June 2022):

UNDP – 100 days of war in Ukraine (2 June 2022):

UNHCR – After 100 days of anguish, UNHCR is focused on protection and shelter for Ukrainians (3 June 2022):

IOM – Scorched Dreams: 100 Days of War in Ukraine (3 June 2022): https://storyteller.iom.int/stories/scorched-dreams-100-days-war-ukraine

WHO – One hundred days of war has put Ukraine’s health system under severe pressure (3 June 2022):

WFP – War in Ukraine: How WFP has met surging food needs for over three months (3 June 2022):

UNICEF – One hundred days of war in Ukraine have left 5.2 million children in need of humanitarian assistance: At least 262 children have been killed and 415 injured in attacks since 24 February (31 May 2022): https://www.unicef.org/press-releases/one-hundred-days-war-ukraine-have-left-52-million-children-need-humanitarian



General Assembly adopts resolution on Russian reparations for Ukraine General Assembly adopts resolution on Russian reparations for Ukraine (14 November 2022): https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/11/1130587

Ukraine: UN General Assembly demands Russia reverse course on ‘attempted illegal annexation’ (12 October 2022):

Ukraine: Support for war crimes investigations ‘of paramount importance’ (16 May 2022)

Ukraine: ‘Cycle of death, destruction’ must stop, UN chief tells Security Council (5 May 2022)

‘The world sees you’ UN chief tells Ukrainians, pledging to boost support (28 April 2022)

 Guterres in Ukraine: War is ‘evil’ and unacceptable, calls for justice (28 April 2022)

Russia agrees ‘in principle’ to UN and Red Cross involvement in evacuations from Mariupol (26 April 2022)

What can the UN do? 5 of your questions answered (5 April 2022)

Protecting civilians from explosive weapons in conflict:
5 things you should know (5 June 2022)




UN General Assembly votes to suspend Russia from the Human Rights Council (7 April 2022):

Guterres unveils first recommendations of UN crisis group, set up in wake of Ukraine invasion (5 April 2022):

Ukraine: General Assembly passes resolution demanding aid access, by large majority (24 March 2022):

Human Rights Council to establish Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine (4 March 2022):

‘Senseless war’ forces one million to flee Ukraine: UN High Commissioner for Refugees (3 March 2022):

General Assembly resolution demands end to Russian offensive in Ukraine (3 March 2022):

Ukraine: $1.7 billion appeal launched to help refugee exodus, host countries (1 March 2022):

General Assembly holds emergency special session on Ukraine crisis (28 February 2022):

Security Council vote sets up emergency UN General Assembly session on Ukraine crisis (27 February 2022):

UN to launch appeal to fund humanitarian operations in Ukraine (26 February 2022):

Russia blocks Security Council action on Ukraine (25 February 2022): https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/02/1112802

Secretary-General appoints Amin Awad of Sudan United Nations Crisis Coordinator for Ukraine (SG/A/2102, 25 February 2022): https://www.un.org/press/en/2022/sga2102.doc.htm

As Security Council meets on Ukraine crisis, Russia announces start of ‘special military operation’ (23 February 2022):


UN Entities

Security Council

  • Meetings in 2022: 6 December, 23, 16 November, 27, 21 October, 30, 27, 22, 7 September, 24 August, 29 July, 28, 21, 6 June, 12, 6, 5 May, 19, 11 April – Maintenance of peace and security of Ukraine;
    5 April, 29, 6, 4 March, 28, 27, 25, 23, 21 February – Letter dated 28 February 2014 from the Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council (S/2014/136);
    23 March, 17 February – Letter dated 13 April 2014 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council (S/2014/264);
    2 November, 31 October, 8, 6 September, 23, 11 August, 3 May, 18, 17, 11, 7 March, 31 January – Threats to international peace and security
    14 March – Briefing by the Chairperson-in-Office of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
    Meeting records, press releases and resolutions:

Related press releases:

  • Ongoing attacks, cold temperatures portend more hardship in Ukraine, United Nations Humanitarian Chief tells Security Council; speakers accuse Russian Federation of using winter as weapon of war (SC/15129, 6 December 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15129.doc.htm
  • Senior official condemns Russian Federation’s missile strikes against Ukraine’s critical infrastructure, as Security Council holds Emergency Meeting on attacks (SC/15118, 23 November 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15118.doc.htm
  • Senior official warns Security Council of ‘catastrophic spillover’, as death, destruction in Ukraine conflict keeps growing (SC/15109, 16 November 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15109.doc.htm
  • Security Council rejects text to investigate complaint concerning non-compliance of Biological Weapons Convention by Ukraine, United States (SC/15095, 2 November 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/15095.doc.htm
  • Russian Federation’s suspension of participation in Black Sea Grain Initiative risks impacting global food prices, top officials tells Security Council (SC/15089, 31 October 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15089.doc.htm
  • United Nations not aware of any biological weapons programmes in Ukraine, Senior Disarmament Affairs Official tells Security Council (SC/15084, 27 October 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15084.doc.htm
  • Amid new allegations of atrocities in Ukraine Regions returned to government control, Political Affairs Chief tells Security Council accountability remains crucial (SC/15074, 21 October 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15074.doc.htm
  • Security Council fails to adopt resolution condemning Moscow’s Referenda in Ukraine’s Occupied Territories, as Permanent Member employs veto: Representative Calls 15-Member Organ ‘Broken Pillar’ of United Nations (SC/15046, 30 September 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15046.doc.htm
  • So-called referenda during armed conflict in Ukraine ‘illegal’, not expression of popular will, United Nations Political Affairs Chief tells Security Council (SC/15039, 27 September 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15039.doc.htm
  • Pointing to dangerous developments in Ukraine, Secretary-General urges cooperation with International Criminal Court, as Security Council tackles accountability (SC/15036, 22 September 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15036.doc.htm
  • While millions of Ukrainian civilians suffer, Russian Federation’s delegate tells Security Council ‘destructive process in Ukraine far from over’ (SC/15024, 8 September 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15024.doc.htm
  • Reports of Russian Federation Forces putting Ukrainian civilians in ‘filtration’ camps must be investigated, Senior Officials tell Security Council (SC/15023, 7 September 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15203.doc.htm
  • Zaporizhzhia Plant must have security protection zone around it to avoid nuclear catastrophe, International Atomic Energy Agency Director warns Security Council (SC/15020, 6 September 2022): https://press.un.org/en/2022/sc15020.doc.htm

Security Council documents:

  • S/2022/821 (2 November 2022): Russian Federation: draft resolution [on establishment of a commission to investigate the Ukraine’s compliance with obligations under the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction]: https://undocs.org/S/2022/821
    The draft resolution was not adopted having failed to obtain the required number of votes (S/PV.9180).
  • S/2022/720 (30 September 2022): Albania and United States of America: draft resolution [on aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine in violation of the Charter of the United Nations]: https://undocs.org/S/2022/720
    The draft resolution was not adopted due to the negative vote of a permanent member of the Security Council (Russian Federation) (S/PV.9143).
  • S/2022/551 (12 July 2022): Letter dated 11 July 2022 from the Permanent Representative of Albania to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council: https://undocs.org/S/2022/551
    Transmits concept note for an Arria-formula meeting on the theme “Destruction of cultural heritage as a consequence of the Russian aggression against Ukraine,” to be held on 15 July 2022.
  • S/PRST/2022/3 (6 May 2022): Statement by the President of the Security Council “Maintenance of peace and security of Ukraine”: https://undocs.org/S/PRST/2022/3
  • S/2022/363 (3 May 2022): Letter dated 28 April 2022 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council: https://undocs.org/S/2022/363
    Transmits concept note for an Arria-formula meeting on “Systematic and mass grave violations of international humanitarian law as well as other war crimes committed by the Ukrainian military personnel and militia and discovered in the course of the ongoing Special Military Operation of the Russian Armed Forces”, to be held on 6 May 2022.
  • S/2022/352 (26 April 2022): Letter dated 26 April 2022 from the Permanent Representative of Albania the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General: https://undocs.org/S/2022/352
    Transmits concept note for an Arria-formula meeting on the topic “Ensuring accountability for atrocities committed in Ukraine”, to be held on 27 Apr. 2022.
  • S/2022/231 (24 March 2022): Belarus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Russian Federation and Syrian Arab Republic: draft resolution [on protection of civilians and unhindered humanitarian access in Ukraine]: https://undocs.org/S/2022/231
    The draft resolution was not adopted having failed to obtain the required number of votes (S/PV.9002).
  • Security Council resolution 2623 (2022): https://undocs.org/S/RES/2623(2022)
    on convening an emergency special session of the General Assembly on Ukraine
  • S/2022/155 (25 February 2022): Draft resolution [on aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine in violation of the Charter of the United Nations]: https://undocs.org/S/2022/155
    The draft resolution was not adopted due to the negative vote of a permanent member of the Security Council (Russian Federation) (S/PV.8979).
  • Further documents – click here

General Assembly

Human Rights Council

Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials

Non-UN Sources


Last update: 7 December 2022, 12:00pm
not an official document – for information only

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