The UN and the crisis in Gaza: What you need to know

What you need to know about the United Nations response to the conflict in the Middle East.

1.7
million people displaced
37,084
Deaths
84,494
Injured
193
UN staff killed

Source: UNRWA, 9 June 2024

LATEST DEVELOPMENTS

12 June

Palestinian armed groups and Israeli authorities have both committed war crimes and crimes against humanity during the attack on 7 October and the subsequent military operations, according to a new report by a UN independent human rights body.

This was among the conclusions listed in the report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and Israel, released on Wednesday.

Additional links:

11 June

“Call for Action: Urgent Humanitarian Response for Gaza”

  • Statement by co-chairs of ‘Call for Action: Urgent Humanitarian Response for Gaza’ [EN/AR]
  • UNDP Statement at the High-Level Conference ‘Call for Action: Urgent Humanitarian Response for Gaza’ (UNDP)

10 June

The UN Security Council on Monday adopted a resolution aimed at reaching a comprehensive ceasefire deal in three phases to end the war in Gaza, with US Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield telling members “today, we voted for peace.”

UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe A view of the UN Security Council as members vote in favour of the draft resolution on the situation in Gaza.
UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe A view of the UN Security Council as members vote in favour of the draft resolution on the situation in Gaza.

29 May – 7 June

Secretary-General António Guterres ‘personally devastated’ over inability of UN to safeguard staff in Gaza, despite best efforts. In a sombre ceremony at the United Nations Headquarters, in New York, the Organization remembered and honoured the 188 personnel who lost their lives in the line of duty in 2023. (UN News)

  • War propels unemployment to close to 80 per cent and shrinks GDP by 83.5 per cent in the Gaza Strip (ILO – 7 Jun)
  • No shelter from war: the bombing of block 2 at the UNRWA Nuseirat school (UNRWA – 6 June)
  • Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General – on continued exchanges of fire across the Blue Line (OSSG – 6 Jun)
  • Hunger Hotspots Report: famine looms in Gaza while risk of starvation persists in Sudan, Haiti, Mali, and South Sudan (WFP/FAO – 5 Jun)
  • Statement by Ms. Alice Wairimu Nderitu, United Nations Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, on the situation in El Fasher, North Darfur (UN – 5 June)
  • Occupied Palestinian Territory: Türk condemns over 500 West Bank killings, calls for accountability (OHCHR – 4 Jun)
  • UN Human Rights Office – OPT: Conflict and threats severely undermining crucial work of Palestinian NGOs (OHCHR – 31 May)
  • Statement by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to the United Nations Security Council (UNHCR – 30 May)
  • Gaza updates: WFP calls for all access points to be opened as Rafah exodus fuels hunger (WFP – 30 May)
  • UN experts outraged by Israeli strikes on civilians sheltering in Rafah camps (OHCHR – 29 May)

28 May

As fighting continues in Gaza, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said on Tuesday that he was “heartbroken” by images of people killed and injured in airstrikes on Sunday that hit tents sheltering displaced Palestinians in Rafah. (UN News)

  • Statement on Gaza by Martin Griffiths, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (OCHA)
  • Briefing Notes- Press Briefing- Office of the UN Secretary General- Juliette TOUMA, UNRWA Director of Communications/ Amman, Jordan (UNRWA)
  • Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide in the Gaza Strip (South Africa v. Israel) – Mexico files a declaration of intervention in the proceedings under Article 63 of the Statute (ICJ)

27 May

  • The scenes coming out of Rafah last night are harrowing (UNRWA)
    • Reports of more casualties continue to come in following an Israeli airstrike on a heavily populated area northwest of Rafah.

24 May

ICJ: “Israel must immediately halt its military offensive in Rafah”

Additional links:

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide in the Gaza Strip (South Africa v. Israel) – Request for the modification of the Order of 28 March 2024 – The Court reaffirms its previous provisional measures and indicates new measures (ICJ)

Statement on Rafah by Martin Griffiths, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (UN OCHA)

22 May

  • WFP targets soup kitchens as supplies dwindle and bakeries close in Rafah (WFP)

20 May

Arrest warrants are being sought for the leaders of Hamas and Israel for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity linked to the war in Gaza, the International Criminal Court (ICC) said on Monday. (UN News)

“Today, we once again underline that international law and the laws of armed conflict apply to all. No foot soldier, no commander, no civilian leader – no one – can act with impunity,” ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan said in a statement.


Additional links:

  • OCHA appeals to the Security Council to end the “humanitarian catastrophe” in Gaza (OCHA)
  • UN relief chief says humanitarian diplomacy crucial in resolving conflict (OCHA)
  • With Gaza on the brink, hostage talks must resume, Security Council hears (UN News story)
  • Rafah exodus passes 810,000, says UNRWA (UN News story)

13 – 19 May

On 17 May, at the Arab League Summit, UNSG Guterres appealed for Gaza ceasefire and regional unity (UN News story)

Additional links:

  • General Assembly Concludes Debate on United Nations Membership for State of Palestine (UN GA)
  • WFP responds to hunger crisis as Rafah incursion cuts access to warehouse (WFP)
  • Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide in the Gaza Strip (South Africa v. Israel) – Request for the indication of additional provisional measures and the modification of previous provisional measures – Conclusion of the public hearings held on Thursday 16 May and Friday 17 May 2024 (ICJ)

We have witnessed too much suffering & destruction in Gaza. It's time to stop.

António Guterres

Secretary-General of the United Nations (31 May)

KEY RESOURCES

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA):

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

United Nations

Resources
Videos
Visuals

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

  • Flash Appeal for the Occupied Palestinian Territory 2023 Extension through March 2024
  • Gaza Strip: Internal Displacement from Rafah Governorate | 9 June 2024
  • Gaza Strip: Humanitarian access constraints | 9 June 2024
  • Humanitarian Access Snapshot – Gaza Strip | 1 – 31 May

UNOSAT Maps – Gaza Damage:

OCHA – Situation in Lebanon:

UNRWA

UN-I-SPAL:

The United Nations Information System on the Question of Palestine
Gaza-Israel: Escalation of Violence:

United Nations in Palestine (Resident Coordinator Office)

UN News Middle East and الحالة في الشرق الأوسط | | أخبار الأمم المتحدة

Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process

UNRIC Library Backgrounders:

ILO:

  • Report: Impact of the Israel-Hamas conflict on the labour market and livelihoods in the Occupied Palestinian Territory
  • Bulletin No. 2

IOM:

UNDP:

  • Expected Socio-Economic Impacts on the State of Palestine – Update (April 2024) (ESCWA/UNDP)

UNESCO:

UNHCR:

UNICEF:

UNFPA:

UN WOMEN:

  • Gender alert: Voices of strength: Contributions of Palestinian women-led organizations to the humanitarian response in the Occupied Palestinian Territory [EN/AR]
  • A gender analysis of the impact of the war in Gaza on vital services essential to women’s and girls’ health, safety, and dignity
  • In-focus: The conflict in Gaza (dedicated website)
  • Facts and figures: Women and girls during the war in Gaza (UN Women)
  • UN Women Palestine 6-month response framework (UN Women)

WFP:

2023/24 – WFP Palestine – Monthly Market Dashboard

WHO:

ReliefWeb – Occupied Palestinian Territory
http://reliefweb.int/country/pse

Gaza Strip: Access Constraints on Humanitarian Aid (27 March 2024)
Gaza Strip: Access Constraints on Humanitarian Aid (27 March 2024)
Impact of health attacks in the West Bank (7 October 2023 until 12 March 2024)
Impact of health attacks in the West Bank (7 October 2023 until 12 March 2024)
Lebanon: At a Glance - Escalation of hostilities in South Lebanon, as of 7 March 2024
Lebanon: At a Glance - Escalation of hostilities in South Lebanon, as of 7 March 2024
Flash Appeal for the Occupied Palestinian Territory 2023 Extension through March 2024
Flash Appeal for the Occupied Palestinian Territory 2023 Extension through March 2024
200 days of War – Health Cluster Overview (WHO)
200 days of War – Health Cluster Overview (WHO - 25 April 2024)
oPt: Humanitarian Fund Dashboard (February 2024)
oPt: Humanitarian Fund Dashboard (February 2024)
Education under attack in the Gaza Strip, as of 30 January 2024
Education under attack in the Gaza Strip, as of 30 January 2024
oPt Emergency Situation Update 20 (As of 11 January 2024 at 13:00)
oPt Emergency Situation Update 20 (As of 11 January 2024 at 13:00)
Gaza: Partners presence by governorate (directly implementing partners) (as of 17 January 2024)
Gaza: Partners presence by governorate (directly implementing partners) (as of 17 January 2024)
https://e4k4c4x9.rocketcdn.me/en/wp-content/uploads/sites/15/2024/01/100-days-of-war-Health-Cluster-Overview.pdf
oPt: 100 days of war - Health Cluster Overview
Overview of the damage to agricultural land and infrastructure due to the conflict in the Gaza Strip as of 31 December 2023
Overview of the damage to agricultural land and infrastructure due to the conflict in the Gaza Strip as of 31 December 2023
Impact of health attacks in the Gaza Strip (Update 28 November 2023)
Impact of health attacks in the Gaza Strip, as of 28 November
Gaza response: Palestine Logistics Cluster - One month after activation (16 November 2023)
Gaza response: Palestine Logistics Cluster - One month after activation (16 November 2023)
oPt: a Month of War (Update 6 November 2023)
oPt: a Month of War (Update 6 November 2023)
Health System Functioning: Gaza, 7 October - 6 November 2023
Health System Functioning: Gaza, 7 October - 6 November 2023
Aid Trucks Crossing From Egypt to Gaza (As of 15 November 2023)
Aid Trucks Crossing From Egypt to Gaza (As of 15 November 2023)
Gaza updated flash appeal
Occupied Palestinian Territory - Flash Appeal, as of 3 November 2023
Gaza Strip critical water and wastewater infrastructure, as of 22 October
Gaza Strip critical water and wastewater infrastructure, as of 22 October
Health Attacks in the oPt (7-17 October 2023)
Health Attacks in the oPt (7-17 October 2023)
Gaza hospital evacuation orders map
Hospital Evacuation Orders Mapping as of 16th October 2023

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